A Large 'Augustus the Strong' Famille-Rose Deep Circular Peony, Chrysanthemum and Roses Dish
Early Qianlong (1735-1796)
14 1/2 inches diam.
Extremely well painted in bright enamels of primarily pink, yellow and shades of green with large twiggy sprays of peony and chrysanthemum with the addition of thorny-stemed roses on a plain white ground, the exterior white-glazed, the foot-rim unglazed, the base incised with the Johanneum inventory mark N+176. over a capital I
The so-called "Johanneum" marks were added to porcelain belonging to the collection of August the Strong (1694-1733) of Saxony from 1721 onwards.
The inventory numbers are usually painted in black, or cut through the glaze with a glass-cutter's wheel and blackened. After the death of Augustus the Strong in 1733, the porcelain was packed away in the cellars of the unfinished "Japanische Palace".
A second inventory list of the porcelain collection at Dresden was made between 1770-1779. The second list comprises five volumes recording the original information of the 1721 inventory and alterations, depending on new acquisitions, were added. The term "Johanne um" was taken from the building in Dresden to which the royal collection was moved in 1875-76.
For a near identical large dish with a Johanneum mark, see Christie's, London, 28 July 1975 and also illustrated by Anthony Du Boulay, Christie's Pictorial History of Chinese Ceramics, Oxford, 1984, p.241, no. 11