A Jizhou Brown-Painted Stoneware Wave Vase, Meiping
Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368)
7 1/4 inches high
The vertical panels with molded edges, the shoulder painted with dense scrolling foliage below uneven bands at the neck, and above waves on the body, further scrolls and bands at the foot.
The Jizhou kilns situated in southern Jiangxi Provence, followed the tradition set up by the Cizhou kilns in Southern Hebei provence much further north, which during the previous decades had produced a wide variety of pottery wares often for utilitarian use and usually decorated with bold sweeping strokes often in brown hues, that depict naturalistic animals such as tigers, deer, and fish as well as the more fantastic dragons and phoenix. At Jizhou however, there was generally greater restraint used and a keener eye for detail. After the fall of the southern Song in 1279, the social and cultural environment changed, gone are the elegant and expensive wares and in came the decorated wares of kilns like Jizhou and later the kilns at Jingdezhen adopting similar designs but using underglaze cobalt on white porcelains.
The stylized wave pattern found on this vase was a favored motif of the Jizhou potters as was executed in various styles.
A pear-shaped Jizhou vase with primarily wave decoration to the body from the Jiangxi Provincial Museum, China is illustrated in The World Of Khubilai Khan – Chinese Art in the Yuan Dynasty, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2010, fig. 307
For two jars, one from the Mr. and Mrs. Locsin Collection and another with a cover from the Mrs. B. Virata Collection, each painted around their bodies with similar wave design, see Margaret Medley, Yuan Porcelain and Stoneware, London, 1974, figs 113a and 113b.
For other examples depicting similar wave design or wave bands, see a fish jar and cover, Royal Ontario Museum, The T.T.Tsui Galleries of Chinese Art, Toronto, 1996, pl. 99; two small jars, Margaret Medley, Yuan Porcelain & Stoneware, London, 1974, pp.128-129, pls. 113a & b; and for a small vase and a censer, see Regina Krahl, Chinese Ceramics in the Meiyintang Collection, Vol. 1, London, 1994, p.281, nos. 522 and 523.
For a vase dated to the Yuan Dynasty with a wave design centered on a cartouche on a foliate ground in the National Museum of Korea, Accession number 6626, see www.museum.go.kr. It was formerly in the Dodeok-do, Bangchuk-ri, Jido-myeon, Sinan-gun, Jeollanam-do.
A slightly larger Jizhou wave vase of meiping shape was offered at Sotheby's London 10 November 2010, lot 150, where the free painterly manner of these wares made at the Jizhou kiln site of Yonghezhen near Ji'an in Jiangxi province is remarked upon.